The Romani people who were the easiest
to record and exterminate were those who were the most integrated in
society. Like the Jews, these people existed on census records, military
rosters, and school files. The decimation of this Romani middle-class
meant that there were few strong voices who were in a position to speak
up about the Romani genocide after 1945.
There were no Sinti or Roma called to
testify at the Nuremberg trials. There were no Romani scholars, no
Romani lawyers, no civil servants. No one left to document the
atrocities committed against Romani people alongside the Jews – the only
two peoples specifically targeted by the Nazis’ Final Solution to ensure German racial purity.
Whereas census data for Jews can be
compared before and after the Holocaust, this is rarely the case for
Sinti and Roma, meaning the total loss of Romani life is extremely
difficult to piece together. Estimates vary somewhere between 500,000
and 1.5 million people. In 1939, around 30,000 people referred to as
‘Gypsies’ lived in what is now Germany and Austria. The total population
living in Greater Germany and its occupied territories is unknown,
though scholars Donald Kenrick and Grattan Puxon have provided a rough estimate of 942,000. Of the Sinti and Roma living in Germanic Central Europe, only 5,000 are thought to have survived.
from Tumblr http://bit.ly/2FYyHDV